Gastrointestinal disorders are the main reason for 40%-50% pediatric visits worldwide, according to an article by IIFGD. Endoscopic procedures help diagnose the severity and root cause of such diseases. These are among the safest and most reliable methods to check for problems in children.
If the doctor has suggested a pediatric endoscopy, make sure you are well aware of the process. This will help you to stay stress-free and prepare your child well for the test.
What is Pediatric Endoscopy?
The upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts are examined when symptoms like constipation, vomiting, swallowing difficulties and diarrhea become prominent. Pediatric gastroenterologist provides an opportunity to treat gastrointestinal problems with a number of tools and technologies.
How is Pediatric Endoscopy Performed?
The best children’s hospitals, like those in Hyderabad, have experienced doctors who carry out the process with minimum discomfort to the child. The child is made to lie down and an endoscope is inserted into the mouth. This is a long but thin tube, consisting of a light and camera at one end. The organs are illuminated and images are produced on a monitor when the tube is inserted. The doctor can take a look at the duodenum, esophagus and stomach to detect potential problems.
Precautions Before Pediatric Endoscopy
The doctor will make sure that the child does not choke or experience pain while the tube is being inserted. Certain medications are used to numb the throat and sedatives are given to reduce discomfort. A mouthpiece is also used, so that the mouth remains open and the jaws are relaxed.
How to Prepare for the Test
Make sure your child does not consume solid food for 8 hours before the test. Clear liquids like water, apple juice or soda are allowedtill 2 hours before the procedure. Try to avoid giving your child chocolate, chewing gum, candy and snacks at least 6 hours before the endoscopy. However, do carry the routine medicines and consult the doctor before feeding them. Lastly, it is important to keep your child active during the procedure. If they are exhausted, the process might not be successful. Ensure that your child is not tired or sleepy beforehand.
After the Test
The doctor will usually recommend that the child should rest for 2-3 hours in the hospital after the endoscopy is over. This helps the sedative to wear off and helps stabilize the body. Opt for light meals at home and avoid any strenuous activities for a few hours.
When to Call the Doctor
Endoscopy rarely leads to any complications or side effects. However, you should consult the doctor immediately if the child suffers from severe stomach pain or passes blood from the rectum. Also, if there is prolonged chest pain, sore throat, abdominal pain or persistent fever, don’t hesitate to visit the best children’s hospital in Hyderabad.
Pediatric endoscopy is an accurate and effective process to determine the reasons for various conditions. It is less invasive and quick, and is ideal for children of all ages.