Pain & Spine: What Is the Role of An Anesthesiologist?

Anesthesiologists, also called anesthetists, administer various kinds of anesthesia to numb pain during specific procedures. Anesthesiologist in Houston says that specialists don’t just assess your safety and that of the anesthesia during and even after surgery, but also assesses the combined risk of the planned operation, and that of anesthesia on you.

All anesthetic treatments are done by the anesthesiologist to ensure they are effective and there are minimal complications. The specialists are part of the team of experts in an operation room. The goal is to maintain homeostasis in the concerned patient. During a surgical operation, physiological changes happen that need advanced monitoring using different techniques to allow early correction of possible issues that can happen.

Types of Anesthesia Administered to Patients:

  • Regional anesthetic – numbs specific parts of your body. For example, during the cesarean section, this anesthesia is administered.
  • Local anesthetic – it blocks sensations/feelings in a small area. Commonly used by dentists when numbing the gums or jaw during dental treatments.
  • General anesthetic – this one renders you unconscious. For example, it’s administered during a major surgical operation.

Role of Anesthesiologist

The anesthetist is solely responsible for administering the anesthetic and monitoring your overall well being throughout an operation. After you are put to sleep, the anesthetist positions you correctly for the operation. Proper position is necessary for better visualization and adequate access to the surgical site without any physiological challenges.

The positioning protects the patient’s joints and skin. There are standard positioning practices these specialists learn during training that help reduce the chances of complications on the surgical table relating to positioning.

Anesthetists monitor the patient through continual evaluation of your condition like your circulation, oxygenation, temperature, and ventilation throughout a surgical procedure. If any of these factors fall outside the acceptable range, the specialist informs the surgical team for appropriate intervention.

The specialists ensure the administered anesthetic drug numbs your pain for the duration during and after the procedure. This ensures you are comfortable throughout the procedure and after the procedure.

Types of Anesthesiologists

American Society of Anesthesiologists categorizes anesthetists into three types with each performing different tasks. The types are:

  • Nurse anesthetist – Duties include providing anesthesia and other associated care before and after diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, and obstetrical procedures.
  • Physician anesthesiologist – Are highly skilled doctors specializing in anesthesiology. They are qualified to make decisions relating to anesthesia starting from when the patient enters the hospital to the time they are discharged.
  • Anesthesiologist assistant – Are certified healthcare experts trained to deliver and maintain anesthesia monitoring and care.

Anesthesiology has many disciplines just like allied medical health professionals. The disciplines in anesthesiology include dental, pediatric, trauma & emergency surgery, neurosurgery, cardiac & thoracic surgery, orthopedic surgery, maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, plastic & reconstructive surgery, and obstetric surgery.


Anesthetists determine the safest anesthesia based on several factors to ensure that the chosen anesthesia is right for you. The specialists lead a team of highly qualified clinicians including critical care and perioperative teams. The specialists range from nurse anesthesiologists to physician anesthesiologists. They determine the right plan for you depending on your treatment needs. Nothing goes on around the surgical table without anesthetists having an input.