If a couple has been trying to conceive for more than a year and every attempt has been unsuccessful, chances are that either one or both of them (in very fewer cases) is / are infertile. The doctor or clinic they visit will carefully examine their sexual habits and tendencies and might recommend some approaches to increase the chances of fertility. He’d do infertility evaluation if they don’t work out.
On first thought, infertility sounds truly overwhelming and it seems like everything one has ever pictured for his future is going to shatter now. However, with the kind of ultra-advanced medical services we have today, infertility is not something that will define how your life would look like.
There are many infertility treatments available for both men and women. These mainly revolve around lifestyle changes, surgery, and medication.
Here are some infertility solutions as explained by doctors from a reputed fertility hospital in Bangalore.
Solutions for Men
- Surgery is carried out when the underlying medical condition is varicocele, i.e., varicose veins in the scrotum, or in case of blocked vas deferens or epididymis.
- Medication and behavioralcounseling are also considered when the male is facing problems with ejaculation or erectile activity. There are also sex toys which not only enhance pleasure but also help with erectile dysfunction.
- Hormone treatments are given to males and females, both who show symptoms of hormonal imbalance.
- If there’s a blockage in the ejaculatory duct, then doctors consider extracting the sperm directly from the testicles and fusing it with the egg in the lab.
- In the case of retrograde ejaculation, the sperm is collected from the bladder of the man and the egg is injected with it in the lab.
- The doctor might ask you to make some changes in your lifestyle, including cessation of select medication, reducing intoxication, changes in the frequency of sex, eating well and exercising regularly.
- Sperm retrieval techniques are deployed when there’s significantly low/abnormal sperm count
Solutions for Women
- Fertility drugs like clomiphene citrate and aromatase can be used for stimulating or regulating ovulation.
- Ovulation can also be stimulated through injectable hormones.
- Surgery is used in cases of blocked or damaged fallopian tubes. For example, laparoscopy is used to remove scar tissue.
- IUI or intrauterine insemination is a technique of placing sperm sample directly in the uterus of a woman. Sperm sample can belong to the male partner or a donor.
- IVF or in-vitro fertilization is a technique where sperms are injected in an egg inside the laboratory, and the embryo thus created would be implanted in the woman’s uterus. This process is costlier but promises higher chances of pregnancy than other methods. ICSI may also be carried out in IVF. Egg used in IVF could belong to the female partner or a donor.
- Surrogacy can help women who are incapable of sustaining a successful pregnancy term
- GIFT and ZIFT are options in cases of mild infertility with healthy fallopian tubes.
These pointers will give you an insight into different fertility treatments and your doctor would suggest the best option considering your health condition.