Sexually transmitted diseases Knowledge at your disposal

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are not one problem; the term refers to over 35 infectious organisms whose primary mode of transmission is sexual activity. Improving sexual health is essential for your overall health. Because of the stigma attached to STDs, many people fear visiting a doctor and prefer getting over the counter drugs. A pharmacy in Humble reported many people buying drugs to ease the infections’ discomfort without prescription than they did with other conditions.

STDs remain a significant public health concern worldwide, despite being largely preventable. In most cases, policymakers, health care professionals, and the general public do not recognize the condition.  If left untreated over a long time, STDs can cause irreversible and costly clinical conditions such as reproductive health problems, fetal and perinatal health problems, cancer, and at times can facilitate sexually transmitted HIV infection.

Factors that affect transmission of STDs

There are biological, social, economic, and behavioral factors that cause STDs.

Biological factors

Infections are acquired during unprotected sex with an infected partner.

Asymptomatic nature of STDs – most STDs have no physical symptoms; others produce such mild symptoms that they often go unnoticed. Mostly, even infected persons do not know that they require medical care.

Gender disparities – Women are more prone to infections than men. Pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, and chronic pain are among the major complications in women.

Age disparities – people between 15 and 24 years, account for more than half of all STDs.

Social, Economic, and Behavioral Factors

There is a direct connection between social, economic, and behavioral factors to transmission of STDS.  These factors may cause serious obstacles in prevention due to the influence they have on social sexual networks, willingness to seek medical care, and some social norms in regard to sex and sexuality.

Racial and ethnic disparities – certain racial and ethnic groups are more prone to STDs than others. In the US, race and ethnicity are correlated with other health determinants such as poverty, fewer attempts to get medical care, and communities with high STDs rates.

Poverty and marginalization – disadvantaged people are at a higher risk of contracting STDs than others. Poor people are at a higher risk of engaging in sexual behaviors, and their access to health care is also compromised.

Access to healthcare – for early detection of STDs, high-quality health care is paramount. Counseling for behavior change and treatment is needed. High-risk groups to STDs have limited access to healthcare.

Substance abuse – there is a higher association between substance abuse and STDs, according to research. The introduction of substances often alter sexual behaviors of the community abruptly, and in high-risk sexual networks, there are widespread STDs.

Sexuality and secrecy – there are many stigmas associated with STDs; this leads to the general discomfort of discussing intimate aspects of life, and more so sexual related matters.

In conclusion, no single country has been able to make policies that make STDs look like any other medical condition. Proper testing and treatment are required to prevent further damages from the infections. At Calvary Urgent Care, you will get counseling and testing without stigmatization. Visit us with any queries for earlier diagnosis and treatment of any STDs with love and care.