What Is Stem Cell Therapy for Nerve Injury?

The nerves are key components in the body’s “electrical wiring” – the system responsible for transporting messages to and from the brain. There are two main types of nerves in the body:

  • Motor nerves: These nerves transport messages between the brain and various muscle groups, enabling movement.
  • Sensory nerves: These nerves are responsible for communicating messages about pain and temperature between the brain and the rest of the body.

Unfortunately, peripheral nerves, which connect the brain, spinal cord, and other areas of the body, are fragile and can become damaged easily. When these nerves are compromised, it can impede the brain’s ability to send and receive messages to and from other areas of the body.

There are a number of conditions that can lead to nerve injury. Overstretching or applying too much pressure to a nerve can result in nerve injury, while the damage can also be caused by conditions that impact the peripheral nerves, including multiple sclerosis, lupus, carpal tunnel syndrome, Guillain-Barre syndrome, and diabetes. Nerves can also become damaged through incidents such as sports injuries or car accidents.

In some cases, the tissue that surrounds the nerves and acts as insulation may become injured, but sufficiently protects the nerves against permanent damage. In more severe cases, the surrounding tissues and the nerves themselves become severed, resulting in injuries that may be difficult to treat. Symptoms of nerve injury may include numbness, weakness in the affected area, or even total loss of feeling in certain cases.

Historically, surgical repair has been one of the only options for treating nerve injuries. Even this invasive procedure won’t always yield optimal results, and the recovery process for nerves tends to be especially slow. Moreover, time is typically a critical factor in terms of receiving treatment: the greater the delay, the more challenging repair, and recovery can become. Recently, however, stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising alternative for patients experiencing nerve damage.

Stem Cell Therapy for Nerve Injury

Stem cells have the ability to differentiate into virtually any type of cell, and can, therefore, be effective therapies for promoting repair in tissue injuries which are otherwise challenging to treat. Researchers have studied the use of stem cells for nerve injury, and the results indicate that the regeneration of nerve tissue is possible through this treatment.

Moreover, some patients have even witnessed results as powerful as those achieved through nerve grafting, which has heretofore been the gold standard for treating nerve injuries. Experts believe stem cell therapy holds enormous potential for aiding in the regeneration process following nerve damage, and it could, therefore, help to improve function and quality of life in individuals who have sustained peripheral nerve injuries.

This post was written by Becky Palmer, a medical professional at Stemedix Inc. At Stemedix we offer Regenerative Medicine, also known as Stem Cell Therapy in Tampa, this therapy naturally acts to rebuild and regenerate neural tissues that are lost from the progression of all different types of diseases.