As we age, our bones lose calcium and have an increased risk of fracturing. In people with osteoporosis, the top of their vertebra collapses down, giving them a hunched over appearance.
This change in their height can lead to health problems such as chronic pain, decreased lung capacity and reduced mobility.
Kyphoplasty is a spinal surgery that can relieve pain and restore a damaged vertebra to its original height by inserting balloons into the spine. The second step, called vertebroplasty, involves injecting cement into the spine to strengthen the bones.
Kyphoplasty Jacksonville FL can help vertebrae damaged by osteoporosis, cancer or other spinal fractures. The minimally invasive procedure takes about an hour, and you’ll be back home within the day.
If you are going in for kyphoplasty surgery, here’s what you can expect before, during and after surgery.
Before surgery, your surgeon will want to take an X-ray or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan to determine what areas of your spine are fractured and need repair. They may also require blood tests.
You’ll receive anesthesia medicine via an intravenous line (IV). This may include antibiotics and pain and anti-nausea medications. The surgeon may also use a local anesthetic to reduce pain.
As you lay on your stomach, a hollow needle (trocar) is inserted through your skin and back muscles until it reaches into the bone. A balloon is inserted through the trocar then inflated. As the balloon inflates, it makes space where the cement fills in. The doctor will watch the X-ray to make sure the cement is going in the right place.
Once done, the needle is removed, and no stitches are needed. The whole procedure takes about an hour.
Within an hour after the procedure, your doctor may want you to get up and walk around. Many patients can go home the same day as their operation. But your doctor may require you to stay in the hospital overnight if you have other health concerns, you get multiple vertebrae fixed or there are complications during the surgery.
Once you’re home and recovering, it should take about 48 hours before you start feeling better. Your doctor can recommend when you can go back to your normal activities. They may also recommend supplements or other medications to build strong bones.
With the proper aftercare, your bones should be almost as good as new. Only about 10 percent of people who have kyphoplasty surgery will suffer from more fractures.