Health

What You Need to Know About Coronary Artery Disease

Most people walk around not knowing they have a life-threatening illness until they check in with their doctors. Several of these conditions can either result from the narrowing of blood vessels that supply your heart and body with blood or abnormally shaped vessels that transport poorly oxygenated blood to your body’s major organs. Dr. Singh and his expert team of specialists work with their patients to minimize their risks associated with coronary artery disease in Plano. According to professional cardiologists, this condition affecting your pulmonary arteries is common and fatal too. If your doctor does not treat the state on time, you will likely suffer from recurring heart attacks.

What is coronary artery disease?

Coronary artery disease is a fatal cardiovascular condition that begins when the coronary arteries responsible for transporting blood to your heart narrow down or get blocked or damaged by plaque. Coronary artery disease is a gradual condition that begins at a very early age. However, your doctor will only notice you have the disease after experiencing a severe blockage or having a heart attack. There is no cure for the disease. However, your doctor will advise you to change your lifestyle to ease your symptoms and improve your life quality.

You should see your doctor when you realize you start having the following symptoms

  •         Chest pain
  •         Back pain
  •         Shortness of breath
  •         Neck pain
  •         Arm pain
  •         Heart attack if one of your arteries get completely blocked

What causes coronary artery disease?

The primary cause of this fatal illness is atherosclerosis- the gradual piling of fat deposits on your arteries’ interior lining. When plaque clogs your arteries, they deny your heart muscles of enough oxygen and essential nutrients. If the heart muscles are low in blood supply, your heart will not work properly and can result in a heart attack or chest pains.

When healthy, your coronary arteries look smooth and elastic with the hollow tubes lined with layers of cells that protect the arterial linings and enhance your blood’s smooth flow. You will start developing coronary artery disease when the fat streaks begin to attach themselves to the linings. As you age, the fat deposits continue to pile and attract other substances that get stuck on the fat, damaging your arteries. The plaque interferes with the proper working of your blood vessels, forcing them to squeeze abnormally.

How is the disease treated?

Your doctor will suggest a change in your lifestyle to help manage your symptoms and prescribe some medications. However, if your condition does not improve because of its severity, your doctor will recommend cardiovascular surgery. Depending on your state, he will advise you to go for:

  •         Coronary stent
  •         Coronary artery bypass surgery
  •         Open heart surgery
  •         Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  •         Percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention
  •         Impella heart pump
  •         Ischemic cardiomyopathy intra-aortic balloon pump

Though coronary artery disease is a life-threatening illness, various treatment options can manage your symptoms and improve your life quality. However, if the arteries are completely blocked, your doctor will recommend surgery. Contact the experts today or book an online appointment for more information.