Who Is at Risk of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the pelvic organs that can involve the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, and it can even spread to the peritoneum. PID commonly occurs when the bacteria that causes sexually transmitted diseases spread from the vagina to the uterus and other pelvic organs. Some women who have PID do not have symptoms of the disease. Those people who have symptoms vary from mild to severe.

PID can cause chronic Summerlin pelvic pain that can reduce the quality of life of a woman. Some women may also develop infertility from the adhesions that are caused by PID in the pelvic organs. PID can have systemic symptoms like vomiting, and it is diagnosed after a thorough medical history and physical examination of the pelvis. The doctor may also order imaging tests like a pelvic ultrasound.

What Are the Symptoms of PID?

The symptoms of PID can be nonspecific like vomiting. If you have PID, you can also have lower abdominal pain. The severity of pain varies in different women. Some women have mild discomfort, while others have severe pain. Another symptom of PID is an abnormal vaginal discharge, which can have an unpleasant disorder.

This condition may also cause you to have heavy periods and abnormal bleeding in between periods. You can also have pain during sex when you have PID. Because of the underlying infection, you may have a fever and chills. Sometimes you may have nausea and vomiting. Another symptom of PID is pain during urination and frequency of urination. You should see the doctor when you experience these symptoms to get treatment before you develop complications.

What Are the Complications of PID?

PID can cause adhesions and scars inside the pelvic cavity. Scarring inside the fallopian tubes inhibits the movement of the ovum to the uterus, and after fertilization the fetus can develop inside the fallopian tubes causing an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies can cause the fallopian tubes to rupture, causing massive bleeding, which can be life-threatening.

The scarring can also increase the risk of infertility because the fetus does not implant properly. The risk of infertility increases with delays with the late treatment of the PID. Another complication of PID is chronic pelvic pain caused by pelvic scars, and the pain is worsened by ovulation and sex. PID can also cause pus to collect inside your pelvis, forming a pelvic abscess that requires surgical treatment.

Who Is at Risk of PID?

You are at risk of PID if you are younger than 25 years old and sexually active. Your chance of getting PID increases if you have multiple sexual partners. Having unprotected sex also increases your risk of PID because PID is caused by the bacteria that cause STIs like gonorrhea and chlamydia.

If you douche your vagina, you are at a higher risk of PID because douching creates a favorable environment for bacterial overgrowth. If you have ever had PID in the past, which was not treated adequately, you can be at a high risk of getting PID again.


Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the pelvic organs caused by the bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and chlamydia. You are at a higher risk of PID if you have unprotected sex or multiple sexual partners. PID requires effective treatment to avoid complications like infertility.